Researchers conducted a study of the effects of three drugs on the fat content of the shoulder muscles in labrador retrievers. They divided 80 dogs at random into four treatment groups. The dogs in group A were the untreated controls, while groups B, C, and D received one of three new heartworm medications in their diets. Five dogs randomly selected from each of the four groups received treatment for periods varying from 4 months to 2 years. The percentage of fat content of the shoulder muscles was determined and is given here.
Under the assumption that conditions for an AOV were met, the researchers then computed an AOV to evaluate the difference in mean percentages of fat content for dogs under the four treatments. The AOV computations did not takes into account the length of time on the medication. The AOV is given here.
a. Is there a significant difference in the mean percentages of fat content in the four treatment groups? Use a Â .05.
b. Do any of the three treatments for heartworm appear to have increased the mean percentage of fat content over the level in the control group?