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School Dropout Rates The school dropout rate in an Indian village is about 25%, which means that 25% of the students leave school without completing their education. There have been many attempts to reduce this rate. One of these attempts is to encourage students to restart education through incentives like midday meals and financial assistance. Suppose you want to determine whether the encouragement methods actually help in reducing the dropout rate. Suppose that students who are aided with incentives are observed for a year to see whether they drop out.

a. Describe a study based on a sample of students that would allow the management to conclude that encouragement causes a reduction in dropout rate but would not allow it to generalize this result to students in all villages.

b. Describe a study based on a sample of students that does not allow the management to conclude that encouragement causes a reduction in dropout rate but does allow it to generalize to students in all villages.

c. Describe a study based on a sample of students that allows the management to conclude that encouragement causes a reduction in the dropout rate and also allows it to generalize to students in all villages.

 
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