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Software millionaires and birthdays. In Outliers: The Story of Success (Little, Brown, 2008), the author notes that a disproportionate number of software millionaires were born around the year 1955. Is this a coincidence, or does birth year matter when gauging whether a software founder will be successful? On his Web blog (www.measuringusability .com), statistical consultant Jeff Sauro investigated this question by analyzing the data shown in the table on the next page.

a. Fit a simple linear regression model relating number (y) of software millionaire birthdays in a decade to total number (x) of U.S. births. Give the least squares prediction equation.

b. Practically interpret the estimated y-intercept and slope of the model, part a.

c. Predict the number of software millionaire birthdays that will occur in a decade where the total number of U.S. births is 35 million.

d. Fit a simple linear regression model relating number (y) of software millionaire birthdays in a decade to number (x) of CEO birthdays. Give the least squares prediction equation.

e. Practically interpret the estimated y-intercept and slope of the model, part d.

f. Predict the number of software millionaire birthdays that will occur in a decade in which the number of CEO  birthdays (from a random sample of 70 companies) is 10.

 
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