Receiving has three activities: unloading, counting goods, and inspecting. Unloading uses a forklift that is leased for $12,000 per year. The forklift is used only for unloading. The fuel for the forklift is $2,400 per year. Other operating costs (maintenance) for the forklift total $1,000 per year. Inspection uses some special testing equipment that has a depreciation of $800 per year and an operating cost of $500. Receiving has three employees who have an average salary of $40,000 per year. The work distribution matrix for the receiving personnel is given below:
There are no other resources used for these activities.
1. Calculate the cost of each activity.
2. Explain the two methods used to assign costs to activities.