1. The absolute poverty line
2. The Gini coefficient provides a measure of
3. Kuznets’ inverted-U hypothesis
4. According to Kuznets, in the process of development inequality in an economy will normally
5. Poverty is better studied with size distribution measures than those based on factor distribution because
6. With modern sector enlargement growth, inequality will
7. Higher income countries tend to have lower levels of absolute poverty because
8. One of the characteristics of the poor is that they are
9. Which of the following policies might increase labor intensity in industry?
10. Which of the following policies may decrease the level of capital intensity in industry?
11. About what percent of the world’s poorest people are female?
12. Distribution of income according to percentiles, such as the highest 40% or lowest 20% is known as
the _______________ distribution of income.
13. What conclusion can be reached from the following data on income shares?
Percentage of Income Received by
Lowest 40% Highest 20%
Bangladesh 17.3 45.3
Indonesia 14.4 49.4
14. Developing countries who have adopted capital intensive technologies tend to have
15. Assuming that the Gini coefficient for Egypt is 0.403 and the Gini coefficient for Australia is 0.404, it
is possible to conclude that both Egypt and Australia have
16. Projections place world population by 2050 at
17. The hidden momentum of population growth is caused by
18. In stage III of the demographic transition,
19. The Malthusian population trap assumes that
20. Which of the following would most likely reduce the birthrate?
21. Which of the following will cause the largest reduction in the birthrate?
22. In recent years, the fertility rate in developing countries has been
23. The rate of natural increase in the population of developing countries is most correlated with
24. Which of the following is a direct implication of the view that childbearing is an economic decision.
25. At present, approximately how many years would it take for the world’s population to double?
26. The Malthusian population trap model has been criticized on the grounds that it
PART II : ESSAY QUESTIONS
1-Are developing countries experiencing a demographic transition much like the one developed
countries did at their earlier stages of economic development or are there important differences?
2-Explain the reasons for the hidden momentum of population growth and state its implication for
3-What is a Lorenz curve? Draw one, labeling the axes.
.4-What is the Multidimensional Poverty Index and how is it a more improved measure of poverty?5- Discuss the fundamental economic indicators, social and political issues of the country presentation of your choice. Conclusions and recommended policies. ( NOT YOUR COUNTRY PRESENTATION)